Chhath Puja in Bihar | Chhath Puja 2021 – Today, November 10, is the third day of Chhath Puja. A full day fast without water will be observed by the devotees today. The ritual of Sandhya Arghya is also performed on this day, also known as Kartik Shashthi. People worship the Sun God and offer Arghya in the evening.
Offering Arghya to the setting sun is the main ritual of the day. It is the only time of the year when Arghya is given to the setting sun. On the third day, fasting continues throughout the night. Parana is done on the next day after sunrise.
Chhath Puja in Bihar | Chhath Puja 2021 – Like the festival of Diwali is of 5 days, the festival of Navratri is of 9 days, in the same way Chhath Puja is a folk festival lasting for 4 days. This festival begins on Chaturthi Tithi of Kartik Shukla Paksha and ends on Saptami Tithi. Mothers keep Chhath festival for the happiness, prosperity, health and long life of their children. Chhath Puja is the biggest festival of Bihar.
Day 1: Take a bath (Kartik Shukla Paksha Chaturthi): This year the beginning of Chhath festival started on November 08 with bathing and eating. Having a bath is the first day of Chhath Puja. In this, after cleaning the house in the morning, taking a bath, taking a vow of worship and fasting in the mind, vegetarian food is eaten.
Day 2: Kharna (Karthik Shukla Paksha Panchami): Kharna is the second day of Chhath festival. One who observes a fast on the day of Kharna, observes a fast without consuming water on that day. In the evening, kheer of jaggery, ghee of bread and fruits etc. are distributed as prasad in Kharna.
Day 3: Arghya of the evening (Kartik Shukla Paksha Shashti): The third day is the main day of Chhath festival. In this, Ardhya is offered to the Sun God in the evening on Shashti Tithi. Before offering Arghya to the Sun, people gather on the banks of the rivers and decorate the soup in bamboo baskets with fruits, thekua, laddus and other worship materials. Vratis worship Chhathi Mai and offer prayers to the Sun and pray for the happiness and prosperity of their family.
Day 4: Usha Arghya: Arghya is offered to the rising sun on the fourth day. Remembering Chhathi Mai, mothers ask for the blessings of happiness and prosperity of their families and break the fast by eating prasad.
Who is the Chhath Maiya-
It is believed that Chhath Devi is the sister of Sun God and to please her, considering the importance of Sun and water in the important components of life, worshiping Lord Surya as a witness and thanking him, Mother Ganga-Yamuna or any other person. It is also worshiped on the banks of a holy river or a pond. Shashti Maa i.e. Chhath Mata is the goddess who protects children. By observing this fast, the child gets the boon of long life. It is mentioned in the Markandeya Purana that Prakriti Devi, the presiding deity of the universe, has divided herself into six parts. The sixth part of her is best known as the Mother Goddess, who is the Manas daughter of Brahma. Chhath Puja in Bihar is Mahaparv and every person celebrates this festival with happiness.